Hypertension Care

What Causes High Blood Pressure?

Hypertension/High Blood Pressure Care

High blood pressure, sometimes called hypertension, is a condition that affects almost half of all people in the United States over age 20. In people with hypertension, the pressure of the blood pushing against the walls of your arteries is higher than it should be. In many cases, people with hypertension don’t experience any high blood pressure symptoms. In time, however, high blood pressure can cause heart attack and stroke, and can lead to blood clots, aneurysm, vision loss, and kidney disease.

There are some risk factors for hypertension that you can’t control, such as age. Because your blood vessels become less flexible as you get older, your risk for hypertension increases as you age. You also have an increased risk if other people in your family have hypertension or if you are African American. Other risk factors include:

  • High cholesterol
  • Diabetes
  • Sleep apnea
  • Overweight or obese
  • Smoker or exposed to secondhand smoke
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Diet high in fat and sodium
  • Heavy alcohol consumption
  • Lack of exercise

How is High Blood Pressure Diagnosed?

You should have your blood pressure checked regularly by your primary care physician as part of routine checkups at least annually. If you are at higher risk or have been diagnosed with hypertension, your physician may recommend checking it more frequently—even at home. According to the American Heart Association, here are the numbers you are looking for:

  • Normal: systolic (the top number) of less than 120 and diastolic (bottom number) of less than 80
  • Elevated: systolic of 120–129 and diastolic of less than 80
  • Hypertension Stage 1: systolic of130-139 or diastolic of 80-89
  • Hypertension Stage 2: systolic of 140 or higher or diastolic of 90 or higher
  • Hypertensive Crisis: systolic of180 or higher and diastolic of 120 or higher

In need of a family doctor to assess your risk for high blood pressure? Find a primary care physician near you.

What are High Blood Pressure Symptoms?

Hypertension typically develops slowly and often has no symptoms. That’s why it’s called the “silent” killer and can go undiagnosed for years. In addition to regularly having your blood pressure checked by your primary care physician, watch for these high blood pressure symptoms. They could be a sign of a hypertensive crisis that requires immediate medical care:

  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Blurred or double vision
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Heart palpitations
  • Breathlessness

What is the best treatment for high blood pressure?

Left untreated, high blood pressure can significantly increase your risk for heart attack and stroke, and can lead to blood clots, aneurysm, vision loss, and kidney disease. The good news is that hypertension can be treated with medications, lifestyle changes, or a combination of the two depending on how severe your condition is. If your blood pressure is moderately high, your primary care physician will typically prescribe a medication in addition to making these important lifestyle changes:

  • Regular exercise—three or four days a week for at least 30 minutes—should help lower blood pressure in just a few weeks, particularly if you were leading a sedentary lifestyle.
  • If you are overweight or obese, moderate weight loss of 5 to 10 pounds can help lower blood pressure and also can make hypertension medications more effective.
  • Eat a healthy diet that is low in fat and salt and high in potassium. Choose plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables, nuts, seeds, and low-fat dairy products. Be sure to read food labels for hidden sodium and try to keep your daily intake to 1,500 milligrams or less per day.
  • Getting a good night’s sleep and using relaxation techniques such as meditation or yoga can help lower blood pressure.

For some people, medication is necessary to help manage high blood pressure. Your primary care physician may prescribe one or more of these medications:

  • ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitor
  • Calcium channel blocker
  • Beta-blocker
  • Thiazine diuretic
  • Renin inhibitor
Brookville Rural Health CenterA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois

22 Industrial Park Road
Brookville, PA 15825
814-849-0990

Cameron County Rural Health CenterA Service of Penn Highlands Elk

416 N. Broad Street
Emporium, PA 15834
814-486-2202

Family Medicine Residency ClinicA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois

145 Hospital Avenue
Suite 315
DuBois, PA 15801
814-503-4305

Johnsonburg Rural Health CenterA Service of Penn Highlands Elk

111 Cobb Street
Johnsonburg, PA 15845
814-965-2857

Marienville Rural Health CenterA Service of Penn Highlands Brookville

125 Chestnut Street
Marienville, PA 16329
814-927-5609

New Bethlehem Rural Health CenterA Service of Penn Highlands Brookville

1323 Brookville Street
Fairmount City, PA 16224
814-275-3320

Penn Highlands Cardiology - Monongahela

1290 Chess Street
Suite 101
Monongahela, PA 15063
724-871-0025

Penn Highlands Family Medicine - FoxA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois

1100 Million Dollar Highway
3rd Floor
St. Marys, PA 15857
814-781-6758

Penn Highlands Family MedicineA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois

1200 Wood Street
Brockway, PA 15824
814-265-8636

Penn Highlands Family MedicineA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois

807 Turnpike Avenue
Suite 120
Clearfield, PA 16830
814-765-2261

Penn Highlands Family MedicineA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois

Penn Highlands Professional Building
531A Hannah Street
Clearfield, PA 16830
814-765-2261

Penn Highlands Family MedicineA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois

465 State Street
Curwensville, PA 16833
814-236-1123

Penn Highlands Family MedicineA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois

100 Meadow Lane
Suite 4
DuBois, PA 15801
814-371-3730

Penn Highlands Family MedicineA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois

145 Hospital Avenue
Suite 205
DuBois, PA 15801
814-375-3911

Penn Highlands Family MedicineA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois

190 West Park Avenue
Suite 7
DuBois, PA 15801
814-375-1222

Penn Highlands Family MedicineA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois

529 Sunflower Drive
DuBois, PA 15801
814-375-0600

Penn Highlands Family MedicineA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois

5 N. Third Street
Reynoldsville, PA 15851
814-653-8222

Penn Highlands Family MedicineA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois

757 Johnsonburg Road
Suite 100
St. Marys, PA 15857
814-788-8580

Penn Highlands Family MedicineA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois

104 W. Mahoning Street
Suite 205
Punxsutawney, PA 15767
814-618-5315

Penn Highlands Family MedicineA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois

145 Hospital Avenue
Suite 205
DuBois, PA 15801
814-375-3910

Penn Highlands Internal Medicine - RidgwayA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois

104 Metoxet Street
Suite A
Ridgway, PA 15853
814-772-8122

Doctor Photo In Network
Astorino, Michael, CRNP
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Penn Highlands Family MedicineA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois


Doctor Photo In Network
Baker, T. Murray, MD
Specialties

Family Medicine

Hospitalists

Locations

Penn Highlands Elk

Penn Highlands Family Medicine - FoxA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois


Doctor Photo In Network
Barger, Taylor, PA-C
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Moshannon Valley Rural Health CenterA Service of Penn Highlands Brookville


Doctor Photo In Network
Basile, Stephanie J., PA-C
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Penn Highlands Family MedicineA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois

Penn Highlands Family MedicineA Service of Penn Highlands Tyrone


Doctor Photo In Network
Bizousky, Franklin P., DO
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Penn Highlands Family MedicineA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois


Doctor Photo In Network
Cappiello, Jennifer, PA-C
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Penn Highlands Family Medicine - FoxA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois


Doctor Photo
Caruso, David, MD
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Pinecrest Manor


Doctor Photo
Chamberlin, Amanda, MD
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Primary Care Associates of Western PA


Doctor Photo
Cienciva, Rosemaria, MD
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Keystone Medical Associates


Doctor Photo In Network
Conrad, Donald E., DO
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Family Medicine Residency ClinicA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois

Moshannon Valley Rural Health CenterA Service of Penn Highlands Brookville

Penn Highlands Family MedicineA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois


Doctor Photo In Network
Daubenspeck, Shannon R., PA-C
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Marienville Rural Health CenterA Service of Penn Highlands Brookville


Doctor Photo In Network
De Sa, Sheryl M.S., MD
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Penn Highlands Family Medicine - FoxA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois


Doctor Photo
Devlin, James E., MD
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

James E. Devlin, MD


Doctor Photo
Donahue, U. Shaon, DO
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

U. Shaon Donahue, DO


Doctor Photo In Network
Feliciano, Andrea, PA-C
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Penn Highlands Family Medicine and Pediatric CareA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois


Doctor Photo
Fernan, Kathleen, DO
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Kathleen Fernan, DO


Doctor Photo In Network
Goyal, Kavita, MD, ABOM Dipl.
Specialties

Internal Medicine

Obesity Medicine

Locations

Penn Highlands Internal MedicineA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois


Doctor Photo In Network
Graeca, Steven W., DO
Specialties

Hospitalists

Internal Medicine

Locations

Penn Highlands DuBois

Penn Highlands Internal MedicineA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois


Doctor Photo In Network
Grieneisen, Bruna, PA-C
Specialties

Addiction Medicine

Family Medicine

Locations

Penn Highlands Family MedicineA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois


Doctor Photo In Network
Griffith, Heather K., FNP
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Brookville Rural Health CenterA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois

QCare BrookvilleA Service of Penn Highlands Brookville


Doctor Photo In Network
Hawkins, Zoe D., DO
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Penn Highlands Family Medicine - Elk A Service of Penn Highlands DuBois


Doctor Photo In Network
Huckestein, Daniel E., DO
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Penn Highlands Family MedicineA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois


Doctor Photo In Network
Kakabadze, Shalva V., MD
Specialties

Family Medicine

Wound Care

Locations

Penn Highlands Family MedicineA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois

Wound Center - DuBois


Doctor Photo In Network
Kelly, Amy M., DO
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Penn Highlands Family MedicineA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois


Doctor Photo In Network
Kiskaddon, Karrie L., MD
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Family Medicine Residency ClinicA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois

Penn Highlands Family MedicineA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois


Doctor Photo In Network
Kozloski, Kara K., DO
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Brookville Rural Health CenterA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois

Family Medicine Residency ClinicA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois

Penn Highlands Family MedicineA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois


Doctor Photo In Network
Kruk, Stephen, DO
Specialties

Internal Medicine

Locations

Penn Highlands Internal MedicineA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois


Doctor Photo In Network
Lang, Stanley, MD
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Penn Highlands Family MedicineA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois


Doctor Photo In Network
McClintock, Carla , CRNP
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Penn Highlands Family Medicine


Doctor Photo In Network
McNutt, Chelsea, PA-C
Specialties

Internal Medicine

Locations

Penn Highlands Internal MedicineA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois


Doctor Photo In Network
Minhaj, Muhammad K., MD
Specialties

Internal Medicine

Locations

Penn Highlands Internal Medicine - RidgwayA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois


Doctor Photo In Network
Minnich, Ryan J. , DO
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Penn Highlands Family Medicine - FoxA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois


Doctor Photo
Mosch, George C., MD
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Clearfield Family Medicine


Doctor Photo In Network
Norman, Kelli A., PA-C
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Penn Highlands Family MedicineA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois


Doctor Photo
O'Bryon, James, MD
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

O’Bryon Family Medicine


Doctor Photo In Network
Parekh, Purvi, DO
Specialties

Internal Medicine

Locations

Penn Highlands Internal MedicineA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois


Doctor Photo In Network
Pavlock, Max, DO
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Brookville Rural Health CenterA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois

New Bethlehem Rural Health CenterA Service of Penn Highlands Brookville

Penn Highlands Family MedicineA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois


Doctor Photo
Peck, Eric P., DO
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Eric P. Peck, DO


Doctor Photo In Network
Puhala, Margo, PA-C
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Penn Highlands Jefferson Manor

Pinecrest Manor


Doctor Photo In Network
Ricotta, Jared, PA-C
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Moshannon Valley Rural Health CenterA Service of Penn Highlands Brookville


Doctor Photo
Roscoe, Brandon M., MD
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Clearfield Jefferson Primary Care Associates, Clearfield Office

Clearfield Jefferson Primary Care Associates, DuBois Office


Doctor Photo In Network
Sachs, Gregory, DO
Specialties

Addiction Medicine

Family Medicine

Locations

Family Medicine Residency ClinicA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois

Penn Highlands Family MedicineA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois


Doctor Photo In Network
Schirmer, Grant, DO
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Brookville Rural Health CenterA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois

Family Medicine Residency ClinicA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois

Penn Highlands Huntingdon

Penn Highlands Tyrone


Doctor Photo In Network
Schmidt, Robert J., MD
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Johnsonburg Rural Health CenterA Service of Penn Highlands Elk

Penn Highlands Family MedicineA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois


Doctor Photo In Network
Scinico, Nathan, PA-C
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Penn Highlands Family Medicine - FoxA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois


Doctor Photo In Network
Scott, Suzanne, MD
Specialties

Addiction Medicine

Family Medicine

Locations

Penn Highlands Family MedicineA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois


Doctor Photo In Network
Shearer, Ashley, CRNP
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Penn Highlands Family MedicineA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois


Doctor Photo
Shedlock, Anthony F., DO
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Anthony F. Shedlock, DO


Doctor Photo In Network
Singh, Anujit, DO
Specialties

Internal Medicine

Locations

Penn Highlands Internal Medicine - St. MarysA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois


Doctor Photo
Sneeringer, Thomas, DO
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Primary Care Associates of Western PA


Doctor Photo
Stough, Bethany, MSN, CRNP
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Penn Highlands Family Medicine


Doctor Photo In Network
Toven, Justine, PA-C
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Brookville Rural Health CenterA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois

QCare BrookvilleA Service of Penn Highlands Brookville


Doctor Photo In Network
Turner, Amy L., PA-C
Specialties

Family Medicine

Pediatrics

Locations

Penn Highlands Center for Children's Care


Doctor Photo In Network
Usaitis, Robert J., DO
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Penn Highlands Family MedicineA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois


Doctor Photo In Network
Williams, Erin, PA-C
Specialties

Family Medicine

Walk-in Clinic

Locations

Johnsonburg Rural Health CenterA Service of Penn Highlands Elk

Penn Highlands Family MedicineA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois

QCare St. MarysA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois


Doctor Photo In Network
Wilson, Kevin, DO
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Brookville Rural Health CenterA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois

Family Medicine Residency ClinicA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois


Doctor Photo
Wineberg-Zeitler, Jennifer W., MD
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Jennifer W. Zeitler, MD


Doctor Photo
Wirths, Phuong T., DO
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Fore Your Health

Phuong T. Wirths, DO


Doctor Photo In Network
Wittman, William F., CRNP
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Penn Highlands Family Medicine - Elk A Service of Penn Highlands DuBois


Doctor Photo
Wu, Chau Hsiung, MD
Specialties

Family Medicine

Locations

Chau Hsiung Wu, MD


Doctor Photo In Network
Zocco, Marissa, PA-C
Specialties

Internal Medicine

Locations

Penn Highlands Internal MedicineA Service of Penn Highlands DuBois


View All News