Fellowship at Penn Highlands

Medical Knowledge

Knowledge Area

The Settings and Activities in Which Fellows Will Demonstrate Expertise in Their Knowledge of the Areas Listed Below:

  • Anatomy, physiology, and biomechanics of exercise
  • Basic nutritional principles and their application to exercise
  • Psychological aspects of exercise, performance, and competition
  • Guidelines for appropriate history-taking and physical evaluation prior to participation in exercise and sport
  • Physical conditioning requirements for various exercise related activities and sports
  • Special considerations related to age, gender, and disability
  • Pathology and pathophysiology of illness and injury as they relate to exercise
  • Effects of disease on exercise and the use of exercise in the care of medical and musculoskeletal problems
  • Prevention, evaluation, and management, and rehabilitation of injuries and sports-related illnesses
  • Clinical pharmacology relevant to sports medicine and the effects of therapeutic, performance-enhancing, and mood-altering drugs
  • Promotion of physical fitness and healthy lifestyles
  • Ethical principles as applied to exercise and sports
  • Medicolegal aspects of exercise and sports
  • Environmental aspects of exercise and sports
  • Growth and development related to exercise
  • The role of exercise in maintaining the health and function of the elderly
  • Exercise programs in school-age children
  • Basic principles of sports ultrasound, and the sonographic appearance of normal and pathologic adipose, fascia, muscle, tendon, bone, cartilage, joint, vasculature, and nerves

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